Dog Breed Facts and Information About the Miniature Pinscher

Dog Breed Facts and Information About the Miniature Pinscher

We are searching data for your request:

Forums and discussions:
Manuals and reference books:
Data from registers:
Wait the end of the search in all databases.
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.

I chose to write about dogs. They are magnificent and deserve a good home!


The Miniature Pinscher, or Min Pin, is a type of Toy Breed that originated in Germany from a mix of the German Pinscher, Dachshund, and Italian Greyhound dog breeds. Toy Dogs are often thought to be simply a miniature version of Doberman Pinschers, but that's actually false. However, Miniature Pinschers and Doberman Pinschers are both heavily related to German Pinschers, so these two native German canines still bare close bloodlines and ancestry to one another.

The first recording of Minpins in history is believingly from a painting in Paris, France that is dated back to the year of 1640. The more modern versions of the Miniature Pinscher were actually developed not until a bit later in history, roughly around the 1800's in Germany. It wasn't until 1870 though that the energetic Min Pins were truly recognized by Germany as an official purebred dog breed.

Then, in 1929 Mini Pinschers made their way as an acknowledged purebred dog breed in the United States and the Miniature Pinscher Club of America was first formed. Today, Miniature Pinschers are still a common well known dog breed that is relatively popular in the United States and parts of Europe, but more recently the Minpin dog has become especially favorable in much of Great Britain.

Personality, Dog Training, Care, and Guard Dog Abilities


The Miniature Pinschers are spunky, assertive, playful, busy, and confident canines that have very distinct and bold personalities to this Toy Breed. Often times, it seems as though Min Pins are completely oblivious to their incredibly small sizes, and with their huge personalities they get some sort of sense that they are in fact the size of an actual Doberman Pinscher. Because of this trait, the Miniature Pinscher makes an outstanding guard dog. If someone were to try to break into your house, have no fear an alarm will go off! These little Miniature Pinschers will make sure that everyone in the house knows that there's something going on. Thanks to their high pitch, noisy barks their warning alarms will not go unheard.

Dog Training

Mini Pinschers might seem a bit self absorbed at times, but do not be mistaken; Min Pins are affectionate loving canine companions that will stick loyally by your side. Another, pro to this Toy Dog Breed's personality is that they're very intelligent tiny devils. Miniature Pinschers respond incredibly well to dog training and are obedient pets.

Care Information

Min Pins are a dog breed in which is very easy to care for, and suite both the Urban and City lifestyles impeccably well. Thanks to the Miniature Pinscher's fine, short, sleek coats, these dogs require minimal to practically no grooming on your part, other than the occasional bath or quick brush up that is. If you're a person who doesn't have the time or patience to spend laboring hours and hard earned cash paying for a large dog breed, you should definitely look into buying a Miniature Pinscher. These dogs are inexpensive to care for, eat very little, and only need a nice 30 minute walk every day in order to stay healthy.

Coat, Appearance, Health, and Life Span


Miniature Pinschers have short, thin, firm, shiny coats that come in color variations of chocolate, black, and blue with contrasting tan markings that situate themselves on areas and sections of the eyebrows, muzzle, cheeks, forearms, paws, shoulders, stomach, legs and parts of the belly. Minpins are also found in other coat colors of solid stag reds and clear reds without any tan markings on their bodies.

Appearance and Build

Miniature Pinschers are a small dog breed that generally stand on withers between 10 inches and 12 inches in height; the Minpin dogs should weigh somewhere from 8 pounds to 10 pounds. This Toy Breed has slightly deeper chest when compared to their relatively thin waists, but generally speaking these canine companions have square shaped bodies and overall compact square builds. Miniature Pinscher dogs are small boned and bare slightly long legs that connect to tiny delicate paws that feminine like a cats. Traditionally, the Min Pin dog breed have their tails docked for a cleaner cut and more confident appearance, but occasionally these Toy Dogs will have their tails left all natural.

Facial Features

Min Pins have high set tapering narrow heads, and triangular standing, almost bat-like ears. The Miniature Pincher dogs eyes are alert, large, and round. This Toy Breed canine carries dark eyes that come between colors of opaque solid browns and lighter clear-like tan browns. The Minpin dogs have moderately short, strong muzzles and black to blackish brown noses.

Life Span and Health

Generally speaking, Minpins are a healthy purebred dog breed that live an average life span of roughly 12 and a half years to 14 and a half years of age. The Mini Pinscher is however prone to having a very low tolerance to cold weather due to their extreme lack of any body fat. Because of this, Miniature Pinscher dogs should not be kept to live outside. If you live in a city or area that has cold winters, make sure to put plenty of thick doggy clothing on your little canine companion so that he or she doesn’t get sick or catch a cold.

Chrisna Brooke on May 06, 2020:

I have a 5 month old miniature doberman Pincher and he pees allover himself when he gets excited. Eg. when we get home after leaving him alone for a while.. Will a vasectomy solve the problem?

Luc Godin on November 24, 2019:

Ive got 5 min pins

3 black & tan

2 brown & tan

There the love of my life

Deena on September 28, 2019:

I adopted a min pin that was 10 years old thinking that I would give him a good home for the last year or two of his life. Buster will be 18 in his next birthday! He developed cataracts on both eyes shortly after I brought him home. I was never able to stop him from peeing in the house so he has always worn his “fancy pants”. (We don’t say “diaper”). He goes commando at night. He has always slept with me. He burrows under the covers and sleeps right next to me every night. This morning he had an accident in bed after he had already been out. I am really worried.

Sue on May 17, 2019:

My Minpin lived for 17 years. He was high strung, but so lovable. They do require more exercise than only a 30-minute walk each day as they can easily put on too much weight. I would consider another Minnie from a rescue, but hate the idea that people dock their tails and ears...all for “looks”. It’s so unnecessary and cruel.

Suzanne on May 15, 2019:

Got my first minpin about 10 months ago. He's been traumatized by hurricane Irma and been abused. Never wanted a "ratdog"but he was so docile and cute that i had to have him. What a little con artist. He thinks he's king of the house! His name is Houdini because he can get out of anything. Lost him first day i had him. Police put Bolo on him so i needed to go home to get any calls if they found him. Well big as life he was sitting in the front of a man's van who i happened to tell he escaped. Interesting point: being a widow i had been praying for a male companion and the Lord answered. Be very specific when praying because the ,

Chris on May 05, 2019:

Min pins do not like cold.they like heat but to much . They are the most lovable and devoted dogs. I own two of them

Ariana on May 01, 2019:

Im new and about to get a dog but can Miniature Pinschers go to hot hot places I think they can since they dont have that much fur. I researched a lot and couldn't find the answer

Liz on February 07, 2019:

A daily Omega 3 capsule helped my Dobie's skin and gave her a very shiney coat. I would think it would d p the same foe your MinPin

Rishel on January 30, 2019:

Have my 4 year old adopted min pin for 3 months now. So affectionate and what a personality. Hes clearly well socialized and does well at dog park. Not getting a lot of on line information. Wondering if breed is popular anymore. One thing I am noticing is an increase in dry skin. Its difficult for me to get on top of despite improved diet and treating his skin. Any feedback is appreciated.

Adam on January 18, 2019:

Mines still like a puppy at 13

Luke on January 06, 2019:

Lost my min pin on july 8th 2018. He was with me for 18 years.

Virginia on November 24, 2018:

We had our Peanut for 14 years and loved him dearly. However we had to say goodby to him because he developed a back problem that caused severe pain. We tried to help him but could only give him temporary relief. He had a happy life up to one month ago. For while he was helped by medication. Then it did not help any more.

The vet agreed that it was best to let him go.

When you give your love to an animal, that is the risk!

Dan Menefee on October 19, 2018:

I've had many dogs in my life and loved them all. A couple of years ago i rescued a Min Pin and was completly blown away by her. She would not leave my side and was so full of simply loving life to an astonishing degree. My favorite breed by far that will love it's owner more than God.

leilia on May 15, 2018:

our min pin loves to burrow in blankets and falls asleep all snuggy. she's a sweetie, but can't seem to get her to stop barking at the neighbors.

Tye on October 15, 2017:

Been over 5 years and we can't seem to get these dogs to stop treating our house like a toilet. Every day all day they pee all over our walls and carpets. Please assist

Linda on May 30, 2015:

Adopted min pin from shelter about aa month ago. He is a wonderful dog,potty trained,love able and whip smart. Has some medical issues we knew about. Not sure how old but prob. Around 6 or 7. Love him to death. He loves going to dog park to hang with friends.

Mary Craig from New York on April 21, 2015:

Nice hub about min pins. I've written several hubs about min pins because I just adore them.

My current min pin is five years old, brown, and adorable. He plays well with other dogs in my house and loves children. Your min pin photos are adorable too.

Voted up, useful, and interesting.

kenzie on November 16, 2014:

hi my family has been looking at these dogs and are there any cons you would say to the breed or things that are hard to deal with?

Kari on August 18, 2014:

My Miniature Pinscher is 10 1/2, so I'm not liking the lifespan thing! But, he's doing really well. He's interesting because his ears stand straight up since he was about a year old. We never cropped them (we never would) but he holds his ears up by himself and barely ever lets one hang down.

No name on March 20, 2014:

This sight really helped me understand these type of dogs! If you are thinking about getting a Mini Pin defiantly get one! There a bundle of joy and can make your day!

JJ AND KI on March 16, 2014:

we love ice cream so bring us some ice cream biyath

bo 2 on March 12, 2014:


c on March 11, 2014:

i love min pins

bob on March 11, 2014:

my but is big

KC on January 19, 2014:

How long do min pins stay in heat?

solarstaro on October 10, 2013:

I have a min pin called Lady, she isn't purebred, she's a mix of a mini pomeranian and a min pin. What's odd is that she's much larger than her father (the pomeranian) and she's also larger than her mom (the min pin) She's actually bigger than 12 inches! She's 9 months old and really cute and loyal. Also I would like to know if Lady's healthy, because i'm concerned on how big she is growing.

TBrad on July 09, 2013:

We have a min pin and his name is King. He is a bundle of joy.

jmwarrior23 on April 01, 2013:

I have a 8 week old min pin. I want to dock his tail asap. Has anyone done this to their pet at this age that has any feedback?

natalie on February 21, 2013:

i have a min pin her name is chloe she is the cutest min pin ever

Barry on February 03, 2013:

Got my 2nd min pin today Obi wan love my other min pin zues seems happy to have a new little brother

Haleigh on February 02, 2013:

The mini pin is the smartest, cutest, play fullest, most confident and loyal dog ever. If you get one you won't regret it. The mini pin is an awesome dog for any family and is a great joy. They are well worth getting one.

Katie on January 23, 2013:

I have a miniature pincher he is the most adorable thing in the world!! If anyone is wondering if to get this dog or not GET IT you will not regret getting the minature pincher!!

Eiddwen from Wales on November 05, 2012:

Years ago when I had our Doberman major I was very tempted to have a Miniature Pinscher as well,but was told to be careful because Major might be too big to keep with such as mall dog. I didn't in the end looking for one but they have always stayed in my mind.

Now even more after reading this gem.



jnr on August 29, 2012:

I was gone a week out of town and my husband got a min pin. He is so cute. I never thought I'd own a little dog especially since we have two 85 lbs lab dogs :) My black lab ignores our min pin but my yellow lab isn't too sure yet about him. I'm doing a lot of research on this breed and so far I'm pretty impressed. Mine seems very smart, loving and loyal. I'm glad my husband got him, oh, and we named him Little Bit, after my Grandpa's brown Chihuahua and also since Little Bit is the littlest thing in the house even littler than my two cats :)

stephanie on August 16, 2012:

i have had my little mini pincher /dashund for 9 mos now and boy is he rotten and he loves my downsyndrome daughter to pieces hes very protective of her to but hes so funny and adorable .

no name on May 24, 2012:

i dont have won but there are cute

chastity on May 24, 2012:

i own a miniature pinscher their really cute

DONNIE on May 17, 2012:


ED on May 13, 2012:

does any one have a female Miniature Pinscher for sale her age should be around 5 weeks to 6 weeks

let me know plz

ED on May 13, 2012:

does any one have a female Miniature Pinscher for slave her age should ve around 5 weeks to 7 weeks

let me know plz

Lindersay on May 04, 2012:

I have had the joy of raising a Min Pin for just about two years now. I have done a lot of research on the breed because I have never heard of them, yet still demanded on getting one because of how dang cute they are! I lucked out because this is the best breed for me, by far! Training may seem difficult at times, but if you put in any effort at all, you will be proud and happy with the results! (assuming you do short training sessions of five minutes or less and always end them with something they CAN do, so that they earn a treat and do not become frusterated)

This is the BEST Min Pin temperment site I have ever seen!

(but please fix the "double delicate paw" sentence)

much love

PellicaanOnline from Brisbane on June 09, 2011:

Ohhh how cute! I sell dog jackets that would look just adorable on a Miniature Pinscher. Thanks for the hub, I enjoyed reading it!

jessica on May 12, 2011:

i got my min pin 3 weeks ago and i absolutely adore him. he is so atteched to me and follows me everywhere and loves to sleep with me and is very much a great lap dog. but don't let him fool you he is an excellent guard dog. he is so funny but very serious. they are wonderful smart dogs.

The Purebred Miniature Pinscher

Information and Pictures

Zoë at 1 ½ and Tyson at 6 months old

Other Names

The Miniature Pinscher is a small, compact, square dog. The head is in proportion to the body. The skull appears flat, tapering forward toward the muzzle. The muzzle is strong and in proportion to the head. The teeth should meet in a scissor bite. The topline is level or slightly sloping toward the rear. The slightly oval eyes are dark. The ears are set high and either cropped or left natural. The front legs are straight. Dewclaws are usually removed. The small feet are cat-like in shape. The AKC calls for the tail to be cropped, however cropping is illegal in most European countries. The short, smooth, hard coat lies close to the body. Coat colors include black with rust markings, chocolate with tan, red and stag red (red with black hairs).


The Miniature Pinscher is a hardy little fellow who is proud and courageous. He is loyal to his master, spirited and alert with high energy. Intelligent, lively and brave. Generally good with other pets and children so long as the humans provide proper leadership toward the dog. Its behavior depends entirely upon how you treat the dog. Do not let this sweet little dog fall into the Small Dog Syndrome, human induced behaviors where he believes he is pack leader to humans. That is when problems start to arise. The dog will become demanding, headstrong and will begin to bark more than you wish. If you allow this, the dog may become a tyrant. If you are not this dog’s pack leader, it will become protective and may become very aggressive with other dogs. It can also become rather suspicious towards strangers. The Miniature Pinscher can learn extremely well and wants very much to do so. It is certainly beneficial for its socialization to take the dog to puppy courses where it can meet other dogs and people. You will be amazed at how fast the Miniature Pinscher understands and obeys you. Pay particular attention when housebreaking this little Pinscher, since a little puddle from such a small dog can easily be overlooked the dog may get the idea that you are happy to accept it fulfilling its natural needs indoors. Beware, this little dog will chew small objects and may choke on them. Do not overfeed this breed. A balanced Min Pin will not have the behavior problems listed above. If it truly has rules, boundaries, limitations, a true pack leader and a daily pack walk, it will be a wonderful family companion.

Height, Weight

Height: Males 10 - 12 inches (25 - 30 cm) Females 10 - 11 inches (25 - 28 cm)
Weight: Males 8 - 10 pounds (4 - 5 kg) Females 8 - 9 pounds (about 4 kg)

Health Problems
Living Conditions

The Miniature Pinscher is good for apartment life. It is very active indoors and will do okay without a yard. The Miniature Pinscher should be protected from the cold.


Min Pins need a daily walk. Play will take care of a lot of their exercise needs, however, as with all breeds, play will not fulfill their primal instinct to walk. Dogs that do not get to go on daily walks are more likely to display behavior problems. They will also enjoy a good romp in a safe, open area off lead, such as a large, fenced-in yard. Make sure any yard in which they can run loose has a fence high enough to prevent their determined efforts to escape and explore.

Life Expectancy
Litter Size

The Miniature Pinscher's smooth, shorthaired, hard coat is easy to groom. Comb and brush with a firm bristle brush, and shampoo only when necessary. You can remove loose hair by wiping the coat with a warm, damp cloth. This breed is an average shedder.


The Miniature Pinscher is a German breed. The Miniature Pinscher was developed from the Dachshund, Italian Greyhound, and the shorthaired German Pinscher. The breed looks like a mini Doberman, most likely because both the Miniature Pinscher and the Doberman both were developed from the German Pinscher. The breed was used as a barnyard ratter, controlling the rodent population in the stables. The Miniature Pinscher is often called the "King Of The Toys." Some of the Miniature Pinscher's talents are competitive obedience, watchdog and agility.

  • ACA = American Canine Association Inc.
  • ACR = American Canine Registry
  • AKC = American Kennel Club
  • ANKC = Australian National Kennel Club
  • APRI = American Pet Registry, Inc.
  • CKC = Canadian Kennel Club
  • CKC = Continental Kennel Club
  • DRA = Dog Registry of America, Inc.
  • FCI = FГ©dГ©ration Cynologique Internationale
  • KCGB = Kennel Club of Great Britain
  • NAPR = North American Purebred Registry, Inc.
  • NKC = National Kennel Club
  • NZKC = New Zealand Kennel Club
  • UKC = United Kennel Club

Twiggy the Min Pin as a puppy

"This is my dog Mylie. Mylie is a purebred Miniature Pinscher, shown here as an 11-week-old puppy. She is a tiny girl, but with a big attitude. Mylie loves to play and have fun. She will play with anyone and anything. Many people feel as if Miniature Pinschers have some sort of aggressive behavior. I feel the complete opposite. Any dog can become aggressive it always doesn't depend on the breed, but on the owner. My Min Pins have always loved people and have had such great attitudes!! They are always eager and willing to please!"

Noodel the red Min Pin at 7 months old

This is William Babangida a black Min Pin from Israel on the sofa

"Here are some pics of my "big boned" Min Pin Dasher aka Dash. Sometimes it's hard to tell in photos but he is chocolate and tan. He's a great dog! Humorous to watch, cuddly, housetrained and social. He is also great with kids. I wanted to send some pics to your website to show owners of other "big boned" Min Pins they are not alone. Our dogs are just as good looking as the tiny ones."

Piper the Min Pin puppy at 3 ½ months old

See more examples of the Miniature Pinscher

The Material contained herein may not be reproduced without the prior written approval of the author. Contents & Graphics Copyright © Dog Breed Info Center® (C) 1998-. All Rights Reserved. Our work is not Public Domain.

Length: Short
Characteristics: Flat
Colours: Stag red, black with rust markings

AKC Classification: Toy
UKC Classification: Terrier
Prevalence: Common

No physical description can ever capture the essence of this breed.

Slender and graceful, yet strong, the miniature pinscher is essentially a square breed. Its most distinctive features are its high stepping, hackney gait, seen in no other breed, and its unrivaled animation.

The Miniature Pinscher, "minpin" to its friends, is one of the taller toys, ranging from 10 to 12 1/2 inches. The weight is comparatively low, however, at around 8 to 10 pounds (4 to 5 kilograms). The coat is short and smooth. The minpin comes in three colours: clear red, stag red (black tipped red or sable) and black and tan.

The tail is usually docked ears are cropped or uncropped.


The Miniature Pinscher is a perpetual motion machine, a spitfire among dogs. Cocky, brash, curious and impetuous, these dogs are their own three-ring circus. They have been dubbed the "king of toys," a particularly fitting name not only because of their king complexes, but because they adore toys, toys and more toys. The person who shares his or her life with a minpin is never bored.

True to their terrier heritage, these dogs can be scrappy with other dogs and enjoy a chance to play vermin hunter. Miniature Pinschers can be so involved in their own affairs that they ignore your commands. Some would even call them stubborn. This is not a breed that can be let off the lead safely.

Living With:

Miniature Pinschers are forever on the move. This is good if you like activity and entertainment this is bad if you already have a hectic household or like peace and quiet. This is among the most active of all breeds fortunately, most minipins can burn off much of their energy playing indoors and do not require wide-open spaces to exercise.

Coat care is wash and wear.


The Miniature Pinscher is not a miniature Doberman Pinscher at all. Although they share the same homeland of Germany, the relationship stops there. The Miniature Pinscher is a unique breed that is more than the sum of its parts, probably resulting from crosses between a small, Short-haired Terrier, Dachshund, and Italian Greyhound.

Dogs resembling them were depicted in art as early as the 1600s, but it was not until the 1800s that they were definitely developed into a distinct breed, the "reh pinscher" (reh because they resembled the German reh deer, and pinscher meaning terrier).

During the early days of dog shows, breeders almost ruined the Miniature Pinscher by breeding for small size at the expense of all other criteria. By 1900, breeders had corrected their direction and the Miniature Pinscher has never looked back.

The breed's elegance and showmanship propelled it to heights as a show dog in pre-World War I Germany and, although its numbers there were decimated by the war, it has flourished as a show dog and companion throughout the world since.

Characteristics of the Miniature Pinscher

Affection Level Medium
Friendliness High
Kid-Friendly Medium
Pet-Friendly Medium
Exercise Needs High
Playfulness High
Energy Level High
Trainability Medium
Intelligence High
Tendency to Bark High
Amount of Shedding Low

Diet and Nutrition

Active, growing Min Pin puppies need one ounce of dry dog food per pound of body weight each day, spread out over three or four meals. Adults, on the other hand, require only around half an ounce per pound of body weight, and you can feed them all their food at once or in two daily meals.

Puppies and young adults that get plenty of exercise may benefit from a diet rich in protein, while older or less active dogs may need a diet with added fiber and reduced fat to prevent them from gaining weight. Treats can be an important aid in training, but giving too many can cause obesity. Be sure to monitor the dog's weight. Obesity will shorten your pet's lifespan and predispose it to other health conditions. If you notice your dog is gaining weight, discuss this with your veterinarian. Get recommendations for feeding schedules, amount of food, type of food, and exercise to keep your dog healthy.

Clean, fresh water should be available at all times.

Watch the video: Circuit 2020 - Minpin Best of Breed