Feline Chlamydiosis - Causes and Prevention
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Caused by a bacteria called Chlamydia Psittaci, Feline Chlamydiosis is an infection that affects the respiratory and ocular tract of cats, causing symptoms such as conjunctivitis and rhinitis in the animal. More common in places where there are many crowded pussies, the disease is quite contagious, and the direct contact of a healthy cat with an infected animal (or with the secretions released by this sick animal) is its main form of transmission.
Pregnant cats that have the disease can also pass their original bacteria to their young, and poorly ventilated and unhygienic places also favor the transmission of Chlamydiosis, and a good part of cats infected once by the disease end up suffering from the occurrence in a recurrent way.
Considered a zoonosis, the disease can also be transmitted to humans who come into contact with a sick cat (in very rare cases), and the main way to prevent the problem is through vaccination - the Chlamydiosis antigen being a of which is part of the quadruple multipurpose vaccine.
Although many professionals claim that, even with the vaccine, the Feline Chlamydiosis it can still affect the felines; its consequences, in these cases, are considerably less than those that occur in unvaccinated pussies; therefore, this prevention in young cats remains extremely important for the well-being of the animal to be maintained.
Below, learn about the main symptoms, complications and ways of treating the disease (also known as Feline Pneumonitis), and learn to identify the signs in your pet's pussy.
Read More: Feline Panleukopenia - How to identify and treat
Symptoms of Feline Chlamydiosis
Although it is asymptomatic in some animals, most of the infected cats start to show a series of typical signs of the disease, which causes fever, sneezing, coughing and inflammation of the ocular mucosa, among others. Conjunctivitis is undoubtedly the main and most apparent sign of Chlamydiosis, and leaves the feline's eyes irritated and red, showing discharge that can vary from a liquid to a thicker consistency, similar to pus.
In most cases, the infection first appears in only one of the animal's eyes, contaminating the other after some time. Characteristic symptoms of feline flu can also manifest in the animal, including, mainly, difficulty in breathing and rhinitis. In more severe cases (which occur, mainly in puppies), the problem can also trigger pneumonia, increasing the possibility of death - which is very rare due to the disease.
Diagnosis and Treatment of Chlamydiosis
The diagnosis of the disease is made, most of the time, in a clinical way, being observed the exaggerated recurrence of conjunctivitis in the feline - however, laboratory tests can also be requested for the condition to be confirmed. Treatment of Feline Chlamydiosis it varies according to the main symptoms of the affected pussy, and includes everything from the application of eye drops and cleaning of the eye region (with physiological solutions) to the use of medications such as antibiotics and anti-inflammatory drugs, among others.
It is worth remembering that no type of medication should be administered to animals without having been prescribed by a professional and, therefore, before taking any action to relieve your kitten's symptoms, a visit to the veterinarian is essential.